samedi 23 janvier 2016

Acupuncture Mesopuncture Points.Mesotherapy Points. Connective tissue. Common Points

Acupuncture Mesopuncture Points.Mesotherapy Points. Connective tissue. Common Points.
Some details about           
·         Acupuncture
Acupuncture is a full-fledged treatment with two versions, Classic Acupuncture and Mesopuncture.
·         Classical acupuncture.
The therapeutic action of Acupuncture is mediated by Acupuncture Points _ APs.
The AP was described by Prof. SENELAR, France, as an open well in the epidermis and Pr. LANGEVIN described the AP as beginning in the connective tissue. It is of systematized and known location for millennia.
To be active, the PA must be stimulated by needles (Acupuncture) or a liquid drug (Mesopuncture).
·         Mesopuncture is activation of the AP by a liquid medicine injected with needle or needleless and deposited by iontophoresis.
All even neutral liquid drug allow stimulation of the AP (Acupuncture Effect), regardless of the possible therapeutic action, it keeps (Pharmacological Effect).

Mesotherapy unlike Mesopuncture is not a treatment, it is a new way to administer liquid medication according to well-established principles: Low volume of drug to each needle insertion, drug administered in the dermis, as close as possible but rather face the altered body.
·         Having no anatomical and histological structure, Mesotherapy Point _MP does not exist until few drops of medicine are filed or injected into the dermis and create this PM.
·         The drug must have a Pharmacological Effect to create the PM. This drug’s pharmacological action is essential to create the Mesotherapy Points _ MPs.
Contribution of Mesotherapy
·         to evolution of Mesopuncture
In Mesopuncture, according to the health or aesthetic disorder in treatment, the single injection into only one Acupuncture Point_ AP of the useful daily dose was replaced by micro-doses, as in Mesotherapy, located in several APs, of local action usually.
·         to the understanding of the Pharmacological Effect of Mesopuncture
Analogy with Mesotherapy, local injection of a drug, has facilitated the understanding of mechanism of action of the pharmacological effect of Mesopuncture, mechanism of action common to all local injections:
The drug acts, from the injection point, directly to the body part disturbed, then without going through the and, after passage in the bloodstream, the blood serving of carrier, the drug reaches a second time, the altered zone.
The Acupuncture Effect of Mesopuncture
The mechanism by which the AP, stimulated by the drug injected with a needle or deposited by iontophoresis, creates an Acupuncture effect is attributed to the connective tissue (Pr. LANGEVIN).

The connective tissue is described as the Acupuncture Effect mediator, both by its histological structure (fundamental substance and fibrocytes, fiber, etc.) and its anatomical structure (network of connective tissue cleavage planes).
According to Chinese classical theory, APs are grouped into a network of "Meridians" located longitudinally at the peripheral tissues, connected between them and to the internal body organs (Kaptchuk, 2000).
The connective tissue forms a continuous network of tissue enveloping all organs, nerves, blood vessels and lymph, muscles, bones and tendons and continuing by specialized connective tissue.

Meridians and connective tissue
·         The network of APs and meridians can be considered as a representation of the network formed by the interstitial and specialized connective tissues.
·         There is a structural anatomical correspondence between on one hand the APs and meridians and on the other hand the connective tissue network.
·         In addition to using the anatomical structure of the connective tissue, acupuncture is active in using the various physiological and therapeutic functions of connective tissue, according to Pr. LANGEVIN.
APs and connective tissue
It is described a higher volume of connective tissue in APs than outside of APs.
The APs are easily localized by the therapist at the level of the epidermis, thanks to the precision of the cutaneous localization, carefully described for millennia, in the ancient texts.
The AP represents thus an easy and privileged access channel to a large mass of connective tissue, corroborating the description of the PA by Pr. SENELAR, describing the AP as a well starting at the epidermis and ending at the connective tissue.
·         The AP stimulus by needles (classic Acupuncture) or liquid drugs (Mesopuncture) causes an Acupuncture effect when the stimulus is inserted into the AP and a less intensive Acupuncture effect when the stimulus is outside the AP (Pr. Langevin).
The stimulus of this mass of connective tissue concentrated in the AP, uses the extracellular matrix and its fibrocytes, the network of connective tissue cleavage planes to reach the structure for performing the function or the property desired. 

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